Cursos de Línguas
Queima das Fitas
Queima das Fitas’ history in Oporto is not more recent than the one in Coimbra, that began in 1919, because in 1920 the Medicine finalists of Oporto University already made the so called “Festa da Pasta” (Briefcase Party), which is consedered the birth of Queima das Fitas in Oporto.
The “Festa da Pasta” was an event, with a great academic spirit, that celebrated the passage of the students’ briefcases that were finishing their course, the “quintoanistas” (stundents of the fifth grade) to the ones who were entering their final line, the “quartoanistas”(fourth grade students). Throughout the
In that same year of 1943, the name “Queima das Fitas” began to be used as well as “Festa da Pasta”, and in the following year, it was realized the first “Missa da Benção das Pastas” (Briefcases’ Blessing Mass), in the Clérigos Church.
In 1945, the expression “Festa das Pastas” is totally abandoned and it’s from this date forward that “Queima das Fitas do Porto” begins its existence. Until 1971, “Queima das Fitas do Porto” had a linear progression. In Coimbra, Queima is only celebrated until 1968, and it disappears in 1969 due to political problems at the time. In« Oporto, “Queima das Fitas” only cease to exist in 1971. After the outbreak in 1969 of a crisis opposing the students to the dictatorial government of António de Oliveira Salazar, the festivities, as well as all other manifestations of the academic traditions, were suspended by the students as an act of protest. This was known as the luto académico (Portuguese for academic mourning). The restarting of the celebrations took place in 1980, in the middle of an intense political controversy between left-wing students who opposed the celebration, and conservative students, who wanted to resume the practice. Such struggle took some time to heal, but the "Queima das Fitas" is now only c ntested by a small fringe of the more radical left-wing student movements.
From this date forward has been realized as we know it nowadays. Oporto's Queima das Fitas, is a major event on the second week of May, before the beginning of the study period preceding the school year's last exams. It lasts for 8 days, one for each Faculty: Letters, Law, Medicine, Sciences & Technology, Pharmacy, Economics, Psychology & Education Sciences and Sports Sciences & Physical Education. The week comprehends 12 events, starting with the Monumental Serenata on Sunday, reaching its peak with the Cortejo Académico on Tuesday, when students from the universities
and other higher education institutions of the city march through the downtown streets till they reach the city hall. The parade progresses with dozens of elaborately decorated floats, each in the color of their respective faculties, carrying placards with ironic criticisms alluding to certain teachers, the educational system, national events and leaders. The parade is made up of thousands of "newly liberated" students set apart by their top hats and walking sticks.. During every night of the week a series of concerts takes place on the Queimódromo, next to the city' park; here it's also a tradition for the students in the second last year to erect small tents where alcoholic beverages are sold in order to finance the trip that takes place during the last year of their course.